Most of adult learning strategies are based on the idea that adults learn differently from non-adults. The term that often comes up is “androgogy,” which Malcolm Knowles coined to describe how adults learn in contrast to “pedagogy” or on how children learn.
The fact is, we already know a lot of theories surrounding adult learning. The problem is, many courses still don't take into account what these theories entail—and often don't successfully apply androgogy strategies for maximum performance.
Understanding how adults learn, is the first step to crafting an eLearning material adults will actually want to start and finish. By recognizing how they learn best—including certain adult traits and learning behaviors—instructional designers are in a better position to create more value.