Research in brief: Communicative and task-based language teaching in East Asian classrooms

Author and year

William Littlewood (2007)

Link to the review here or Google Scholar it.


A review of reports into the implementation of Communicative and TBLT approaches in East Asia (Primary and Secondary levels). No primary research, a review of existing lit only.

Why the review?

Research from Ho (2004) shows that CLT had become the dominant approach in 15 countries across the region.According to Nunan (2003) government education policy in seven countries in the region advocated TBLT as ‘the latest methodological realization’ of CLT. ‘Learning through tasks’ was (at the time) emerging as a basic premise for syllabi in the region.Littlewood reckons there’s confusion in East Asian contexts about what implementing CLT/TBLT actually means. At the end of the paper he ‘proposes a methodological framework which may contribute to resolving some of these tensions’ (2007:244)

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