The Learning Process: 6 Conceptions

Learning probably means different things to you than it does to your neighbour. Researchers who have explored the issue have found that there are six distinct ways of thinking about the learning process. This perception about learning is not trivial, since it influences how everyone approaches learning tasks, which ultimately affects the quality of their learning outcomes. Here are the six conceptions of learning and a few clarifications to help you understand them. The Discoverers

The Swedish educational psychologist Roger Säljö was the first to observe that adult students may have different conceptions of learning; specifically, he identified five such conceptions (Säljö, 1979). His fellow countryman and colleague Ference Marton, with whom he developed the concepts of surface and in-depth learning, has, along with other colleagues, identified the sixth one a few years later (Marton, Dall’Alba and Beaty, 1993).

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